The Zen Art of teaching – Communication and Interactions in eEducation


Baumgartner, P. (2004). “The Zen Art of teaching – Communication and Interactions in eEducation”. In Auer, M.E. & Auer, U. (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Workshop ICL2004. Villach / Austria 29 September- 1 October 2004. Villach: Kassel University Press.

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Type of work: Article (outreach)


e-Learning and Instructional Technology | Social Media & Social Software


This paper outlines three prototypical modes of teaching and learning and their consequences for the design of eLearning environments. I distinguish between transfer of knowledge (mode I), acquisition of knowledge (mode II) and construction of knowledge (mode III). Based on this theoretical framework I will develop the notion of “educational scenarios” and integrate this concept into a three level perspective: scenarios – interactions patterns – usage of tools.

As a sample demonstration of the usefulness of this approach I will explore the work-flow structure of different kinds of content management systems (CMS). The workflow with its specific right and role management reveals an underlying action and communications structure, which is important for a categorisation of these tools from an educational perspective. I distinguish 5 different types of CMS suitable for different types of educational scenarios for eLearning: Production systems, Weblogs, Groupware, Portals and Wikis.

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