Comparing internet and mobile phone usage:digital divides of usage, adoption, and dropouts
Type of work: Article (academic)
Results from a national representative telephone survey of Americans in 2002 show that several digital divides exists with respect to both Internet and mobile phone usage. Internet gaps between users and nonusers are associated with education, income, age, but no longer with gender and race, once other variables are controlled. There are also considerable gaps between mobile phone users and nonusers, but influenced somewhat differently. The paper identifies and analyzes three kinds of digital divides for both the Internet and mobile phones (usage, dropouts and recency), and similarities and differences among those digital divides based on demographic variables within and across the two media.