From ICT4D Wiki
The ITU's 2007 ICT Opportunity Index, which has benefited from the expertise of several international and research organizations, is based on a carefully selected list of indicators and methodology. It is an important tool to track the digital divide by measuring the relative difference in ICT Opportunity levels among economies and over time. The different sub-indices allow countries to further identify their specific weaknesses and strengths.
Note: Not the same thing as the Digital Opportunity Index.
DOI and ICT-OI illustrate different aspects of the digital divide. For instance, the DOI includes tariffs and advanced services (such as mobile broadband), whereas the ICT-OI focuses on more traditional ICTs (such as television, fixed telephony, education).
The ICT Opportunity Index is the result of the merger of two well-known projects, ITU's Digital Access Index and Orbicom's Digital Divide Index. Merging of two indexes was necessary for answer to the increasing need for international cooperation and to avoid the unjustified phenomenon of their functions' duplication.
The ICT Opportunity Index depends on the degree of infodensity and info-use, which in turn is estimated on basis of 10 qualitative and quantitative indicators from 4 subcategories: Networks, Skills, Uptake, and Intensity of use.
Infodensity symbolizes the productive capabilities and capacities of the economy in terms of ICT infrastructure and skills. Info-use refers to an economy's ICT consumption within a given period, distinction is made between ICT produces/services uptake and ICT intensity of use.
- Sciadas (2005) From the Digital Divide to Digital Opportunities
- UNCTAD (2006) Information Economy Report 2006: The Development Perspective
- ITU (2007) Measuring The Information Society 2007: ICT Opportunity Index and World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators
- World Information Society Report 2006
- World Information Society Report 2007