Working Papers

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Amorós Espinosa, J.E. (2003). “La división digital y su relación con el desarrollo: un estudio empírico en una muestra de países”. In Boletín IIG, 10 de junio de 2003, (150). Barcelona: Instituto Internacional de Gobernabilidad. Retrieved May 31, 2006 from http://www.iigc.org/documentos/?p=6_0092
Cortesi, S., Haduong, P., Gasser, U., Aricak, O.T., Saldaña, M. & Lerner, Z. (2014). Youth Perspectives on Tech in Schools: From Mobile Devices to Restrictions and Monitoring. Research Publication No. 2014-3. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2378590
Avgerou, C. (2007). “Information Systems in Developing Countries: a Critical Research Review”. In Journal of Information Technology, 23 (3), 133-146. Department of Management LSE, Working Paper Series #165. London. Retrieved March 01, 2010 from http://is2.lse.ac.uk/wp/pdf/wp165.pdf
Barzilai-Nahon, K., Rafaeli, S. & Ahituv, N. (2004). Measuring Gaps in Cyberspace: Constructing a comprehensive digital divide index. Workshop on Measuring the Information Society, the conference of Internet Research 5, Brighton, UK, September 2004. Brighton.
Bastos, M. (2005). Reader on "Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) and its relevance for development". Working paper submited to the discussion list of the Virtual University-IIEP-UNESCO, February 19th, 2006. Paris: UNESCO.
Beard, T.R., Ford, G.S. & Spiwak, L.J. (2009). The Broadband Adoption Index: Improving Measurements and Comparisons of Broadband Deployment and Adoption. Policy Paper Number 36. Washington, D.C.: Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal and Economic Public Policy Studies. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from http://www.phoenix-center.org/pcpp/PCPP36Final.pdf
Benkler, Y. (2010). A Tale of Two Blogospheres: Discursive Practices on the Left and Right. A Cooperation project working paper.. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet & Society. Retrieved April 30, 2010 from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Benkler_Shaw_Tale_of_Two_Blogospheres_Mar2010.pdf
Birdsall, N. (2004). Underfunded Regionalism in the Developing World. Working Paper Number 49. Washington DC: Center for Global Development. Retrieved July 24, 2007 from http://www.cgdev.org/files/2739_file_WP_49_1.pdf
Black, L.W. (2011). The Promise and Problems of Online Deliberation. Kettering Foundation Working Paper (2011-2). Dayton: Kettering Foundation. Retrieved September 02, 2012 from http://kettering.org/wp-content/uploads/Black-Online-Delib-KFWP-2011-2.pdf
Budhiraja, R. & Sachdeva, S. (2002). E-Readiness Assessment. Punjab: Ministry of Information Technology. Retrieved April 22, 2006 from http://www.mit.gov.in/eg/ereadiness.doc
Chinn, M.D. & Fairlie, R.W. (2006). ICT Use in the Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration. NET Institute Working Paper No. 06-03. New York: NET Institute. Retrieved February 12, 2007 from http://ssrn.com/abstract=936474
Clement, A. & Shade, L.R. (1998). The Access Rainbow: Conceptualizing Universal Access to the Information/Communicatioins Infrastructure. Information Policy Research Program, Faculty of Information Studies, University of Toronto. Working Paper No. 10. Toronto: IPRP University of Toronto. Retrieved January 22, 2007 from http://www3.fis.utoronto.ca/research/iprp/publications/wp/wp10.html
Creative Commons (2005). Licenses Explained. San Francisco: Creative Commons. Retrieved March 12, 2005 from http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/
DiMaggio, P. & Hargittai, E. (2001). From the ’Digital Divide’ to Digital Inequality: Studying Internet Use as Penetration Increases. Working Paper #15. Princeton: Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies, Princeton University. Retrieved August 28, 2006 from http://www.princeton.edu/~artspol/workpap/WP15%20-%20DiMaggio%2BHargittai.pdf
Duncombe, R. (2012). Understanding Mobile Phone Impact on Livelihoods in Developing Countries: A New Research Framework. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.48/2012. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved March 20, 2012 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/research/publications/wp/di/di_wp48.htm
Dutton, W.H. (2011). Networking Distributed Public Expertise: Strategies for Citizen Sourcing Advice to Government. One of a Series of Occasional Papers in Science and Technology Policy. Washington DC: Science and Technology Policy Institute.
Easterly, W., Ritzan, J. & Woolcock, M. (2006). Social Cohesion, Institutions, and Growth. Working Paper Number 94. Washington DC: Center for Global Development. Retrieved August 22, 2011 from http://cdi.mecon.gov.ar/biblio/doc/cgdev/wp94.pdf
Etling, B., Kelly, J., Faris, R. & Palfrey, J.G. (2009). Mapping the Arabic Blogosphere: Politics, Culture, and Dissent. Research Publication No. 2009-06. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 17, 2009 from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Mapping_the_Arabic_Blogosphere.pdf
Etling, B., Roberts, H. & Faris, R. (2014). Blogs as an Alternative Public Sphere: The Role of Blogs, Mainstream Media, and TV in Russia’s Media Ecology. Research Publication No. 2014-8. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2427932
European Commission (2008). Early Challenges regarding the “Internet of Things”. Accompanying document to the Communication on future networks and the internet. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved October 06, 2008 from http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/eeurope/i2010/docs/future_internet/swp_internet_things.pdf
European Commission (2008). Indexing Broadband Performance. Accompanying document to the Communication on future networks and the internet. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved October 06, 2008 from http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/eeurope/i2010/docs/future_internet/swp_bpi.pdf
Faris, R. & Heacock, R. (2013). Measuring Internet Activity: a (Selective) Review of Methods and Metrics. Research Publication No. 2013-22. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved November 15, 2013 from http://ssrn.com/abstract=2353457
Gómez Hernández, J.A., Calderón Rehecho, A. & Magán Wals, J.A. (Coords.) (2008). Brecha digital y nuevas alfabetizaciones. El papel de las bibliotecas. Documentos de trabajo, 2008-1. Madrid: Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
Generalitat de Catalunya (2005). Llibre verd de l'Administració de justícia. Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya.
Gillwald, A., Milek, A. & Stork, C. (2010). Gender Assessment of ICT Access and Usage in Africa. Vol 1 Policy Paper 5. Johannesburg: Research ICT Africa. Retrieved February 18, 2011 from http://lirneasia.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/09//Gender_Paper_Sept_2010.pdf
Greenstein, S. (2010). Nurturing the Accumulation of Innovations: Lessons from the Internet. NBER Working Paper No. 15905. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Greenstein, S. & McDevitt, R. (2012). Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries. OECD Digital Economy Papers, No. 197. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved April 24, 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9bcwkg3hwf-en
Gur, B. & Wiley, D.A. (2005). “Code as Ideology”. In Iterating Toward Openness, Friday, March 4th, 2005. Retrieved May 16, 2007 from http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/18
Heeks, R. (1999). Information and Communication Technologies, Poverty and Development. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.5/1999. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp05.htm
Heeks, R. (1999). Software Strategies in Developing Countries. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.6/1999. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp06.htm
Heeks, R. (2001). What Did Giddens And Latour Ever Do For Us?: Academic Writings on Information Systems and Development. Development Informatics Short Paper Series, No.6/2001. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/short/di_sp06.doc
Heeks, R. (2002). Failure, Success and Improvisation of Information Systems Projects in Developing Countries. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.11/2002. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved January 04, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp11.htm
Heeks, R. & Kenny, C.J. (2002). The Economics of ICTs and Global Inequality: Convergence or Divergence for Developing Countries?. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.10a/2002. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 08, 2008 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/research/publications/wp/di/di_wp10a.htm
Heeks, R. (2006). Analysing the Software Sector in Developing Countries Using Competitive Advantage Theory. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.25/2006. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp25.htm
Heeks, R. (2014). ICT4D 2016: New Priorities for ICT4D Policy, Practice and WSIS in a Post-2015 World. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.59/2014. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://www.seed.manchester.ac.uk/subjects/idpm/research/publications/wp/di/di-wp59/
ICIP Working Papers . Barcelona: Institut Català Internacional per la Pau.
IN3 Working Paper Series . Barcelona: UOC-IN3.
International Institute for Educational Planning (2004). Free and Open Source Software for e-learning. Background Note for the Discussion forum 1-25 June 2004. Paris: UNESCO-IIEP.
Kelly, J., Fisher, D. & Smith, M. (2005). Debate, Division, and Diversity: Political Discourse Networks in USENET Newsgroups. Paper prepared for the Online Deliberation Conference 2005. Palo Alto: Stanford University. Retrieved July 10, 2007 from http://www.coi.columbia.edu/pdf/kelly_fisher_smith_ddd.pdf
Kelly, J. & Etling, B. (2008). Mapping Iran’s Online Public: Politics and Culture in the Persian Blogosphere. Research Publication No. 2008-01. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 05, 2008 from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Kelly&Etling_Mapping_Irans_Online_Public_2008.pdf
Kenny, C.J. & Sumner, A. (2011). More Money or More Development: What Have the MDGs Achieved?. Working Paper Number 278. Washington DC: Center for Global Development. Retrieved December 19, 2011 from http://www.cgdev.org/files/1425806_file_Kenny_Sumner_MDGs_FINAL.pdf
Kretschmer, T. (2012). Information and Communication Technologies and Productivity Growth: A Survey of the Literature. OECD Digital Economy Papers No. 195. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved April 17, 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9bh3jllgs7-en
Lakhani, K.R., Jeppesen, L.B., Lohse, P.A. & Panetta, J.A. (2007). The Value of Openness in Scientific Problem Solving. HBS Working Paper Number: 07-050. Cambridge: Harvard University. Retrieved July 10, 2007 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5612.html
Larsson, L. (2000). Digital Literacy Checklist. Draft version 2.0.2. Washington: University of Washington. Retrieved March 17, 2006 from http://courses.washington.edu/hs590a/modules/69/diglit/diglit#1
Lehr, W. (2012). Measuring the Internet. The Data Challenge. OECD Digital Economy Papers, No. 194. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9bhk5fzvzx-en
Lerner, J. & Tirole, J. (2000). The Simple Economics of Open Source. NBER Working Paper No. 7600. Stanford: NBER. Retrieved July 10, 2007 from http://www.people.hbs.edu/jlerner/simple.pdf
Lorenzo, G. & Ittelson, J. (2005). An Overview of E-Portfolios. ELI Paper 1: 2005. Boulder: Educause Learning Initiative. Retrieved July 26, 2005 from http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI3001.pdf
Meister, I. & Solow-Niederman, A. (2014). K-12 Edtech Cloud Service Inventory. Research Publication No. 2014-2. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2378570
Molla, A. (2004). The Impact of eReadiness on eCommerce Success in Developing Countries: Firm-Level Evidence. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.18/2004. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp18.htm
Navajo Gómez, P. (2012). Hacia una ONG 2.0: Cambiar o morir. Materiales para el Posgrado redes sociales e intercambio de conocimiento. Madrid: Iniciativasocial.net.
Norris, P. (2000). The Worldwide Digital Divide: Information Poverty, the Internet and Development. Paper for the Annual Meeting of the Political Studies Association of the UK, London School of Economics and Political Science. Cambridge: Harvard University. Retrieved April 20, 2006 from http://ksghome.harvard.edu/~.pnorris.shorenstein.ksg/acrobat/psa2000dig.pdf
Notas de Análisis y Prospectiva . Madrid: Fundación Auna.
Oberholzer-Gee, F. & Strumpf, K. (2010). File-Sharing and Copyright. First Vienna Music Business Research Days, June 9-10, 2010. Vienna: International Association of Music Business Research. Retrieved June 22, 2010 from http://musicbusinessresearch.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/paper-felix-oberholzer-gee.pdf
Olivier, B. & Liber, O. (2001). Lifelong Learning: The Need for Portable Personal Learning Environments and Supporting Interoperability Standards. Bristol: The JISC Centre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards, Bolton Institute. Retrieved February 19, 2010 from http://wiki.cetis.ac.uk/images/6/67/Olivierandliber2001.doc
Orriols, L. & Bosch, A. (2013). Elecciones en tiempos de crisis. El voto económico en las elecciones catalanas de 2012. Quaderns de l'ICPS, 03, Abril 2013.. Barcelona: Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials.
Ortiz, I., Burke, S., Berrada, M. & Cortés, H. (2013). World Protests 2006-2013. Working Paper 2013. New York: Initiative for Policy Dialogue and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung New York - Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Retrieved May 01, 2014 from http://policydialogue.org/publications/working_papers/world_protests_2006-2013/
Padró-Solanet, A. (2010). Internet and Votes: The Impact of New ICTs in the 2008 Spanish Parliamentary Elections. Communication presented at the Internet, Politics, Policy 2010: An Impact Assessment conference, 16-17 September 2010. Oxford: Oxford Internet Institute.
Papeles de trabajo . Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (2009). Revisions and Additions to the Core List of ICT Indicators. Background paper for the 7th World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Meeting, Cairo, Egypt, 3-5 March 2009. New York: United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved March 02, 2009 from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/statcom/doc09/BG-ICTIndicators.pdf
Paton, S. (2005). In Search of the Knowledge Worker. Labour Process Conference 2005. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://www.hrm.strath.ac.uk/ILPC/2005/conf-papers/Paton.pdf
Plunkett, L., Solow-Niederman, A. & Gasser, U. (2014). Framing the Law & Policy Picture: A Snapshot of K-12 Cloud-Based Ed Tech & Student Privacy in Early 2014. Research Publication No. 2014-10. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2442432
Sciadas, G., Lyons, H., Rothschild, C. & Sey, A. (2012). Public access to ICTs: Sculpting the profile of users. Seattle: Technology & Social Change Group, University of Washington Information School. Retrieved January 14, 2012 from http://tascha.uw.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Global-Impact-Study-User-Profiles-Survey-Working-Paper-1.pdf
Sepúlveda T., M.A. (2006). Gobierno Electrónico en Chile 2000-2005. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio Secretaría General de la Presidencia.
Sibisi, S. (Coord.) (2004). Free/Libre & Open Source Software and Open Standards in South Africa. Version 2.6.9, July 2004. Pretoria: National Advisory Council on Innovation. Retrieved July 11, 2005 from http://www.prodefinity.de/docs/floss_v2_6_9.pdf
Solow-Niederman, A., Plunkett, L. & Gasser, U. (2014). Student Privacy and Cloud Computing at the District Level: Next Steps and Key Issues. Research Publication No. 2014-1. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2378568
UNCTAD (2006). Using ICTs to Achieve Growth and Development. Background paper by the UNCTAD secretariat. Geneva: UNCTAD. Retrieved February 28, 2007 from http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/c3em29d2_en.pdf
Unwin, T. (2008). On the richness of Africa. Egham: ICT4D Collective. Retrieved November 08, 2010 from http://www.gg.rhul.ac.uk/ict4d/workingpapers/richness.pdf
Van Ark, B. & Inklaar, R. (2005). Catching up or getting stuck? Europe’s troubles to exploit ICTs productivity potential. Research Memorandum GD-79. Groningen: Groningen Growth and Development Centre. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from http://www.e-library.lt/resursai/ES/memorandumai/gd79.pdf
Van de Walle, S. (2005). Measuring Bureaucratic Quality in Governance Indicators. Paper for the EGPA Annual Conference, Study Group on Productivity and Quality in the Public Sector. Leuven: Instituut voor de Overheid. Retrieved August 26, 2008 from http://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u0025631/pdf/EGPA_Bern2005_VdW.pdf
Vigdor, J.L. & Ladd, H. (2010). Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 16078. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Vu, K. (2005). Measuring the Impact of ICT Investments on Economic Growth. Paper submitted to Journal of Economic Growth, October 2005. mimeo.
Wang, Z., Wei, S. & Wong, A. (2010). Does a Leapfrogging Growth Strategy Raise Growth Rate? Some International Evidence. NBER Working Paper No. 16390. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Weiser, P.J.W. (2009). The Future of Internet Regulation. Boulder: University of Colorado Law School. Retrieved March 01, 2009 from http://ssrn.com/abstract=1344757
Zittrain, J. (2006). “The Generative Internet”. In Harvard Law Review, May 2006, 119 (7), 1974-2040. Cambridge: Harvard University. Retrieved July 16, 2007 from http://www.harvardlawreview.org/issues/119/may06/zittrain.shtml