Working Papers

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Amorós Espinosa, J.E. (2003). “La división digital y su relación con el desarrollo: un estudio empírico en una muestra de países”. In Boletín IIG, 10 de junio de 2003, (150). Barcelona: Instituto Internacional de Gobernabilidad. Retrieved May 31, 2006 from http://www.iigc.org/documentos/?p=6_0092
Cortesi, S., Haduong, P., Gasser, U., Aricak, O.T., Saldaña, M. & Lerner, Z. (2014). Youth Perspectives on Tech in Schools: From Mobile Devices to Restrictions and Monitoring. Research Publication No. 2014-3. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2378590
Arques, F. (2014). Mecanismos de Democracia Directa en Argentina a nivel sub-nacional: Un recurso latente e ignorado. C2D Working Paper Series 46/2014. Zurich: University of Zurich. Retrieved April 09, 2014 from http://www.zora.uzh.ch/94338/1/C2D_WP46.pdf
Avgerou, C. (2007). “Information Systems in Developing Countries: a Critical Research Review”. In Journal of Information Technology, 23 (3), 133-146. Department of Management LSE, Working Paper Series #165. London. Retrieved March 01, 2010 from http://is2.lse.ac.uk/wp/pdf/wp165.pdf
Barzilai-Nahon, K., Rafaeli, S. & Ahituv, N. (2004). Measuring Gaps in Cyberspace: Constructing a comprehensive digital divide index. Workshop on Measuring the Information Society, the conference of Internet Research 5, Brighton, UK, September 2004. Brighton.
Bastos, M. (2005). Reader on "Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) and its relevance for development". Working paper submited to the discussion list of the Virtual University-IIEP-UNESCO, February 19th, 2006. Paris: UNESCO.
Beard, T.R., Ford, G.S. & Spiwak, L.J. (2009). The Broadband Adoption Index: Improving Measurements and Comparisons of Broadband Deployment and Adoption. Policy Paper Number 36. Washington, D.C.: Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal and Economic Public Policy Studies. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from http://www.phoenix-center.org/pcpp/PCPP36Final.pdf
Benkler, Y. (2010). A Tale of Two Blogospheres: Discursive Practices on the Left and Right. A Cooperation project working paper.. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet & Society. Retrieved April 30, 2010 from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Benkler_Shaw_Tale_of_Two_Blogospheres_Mar2010.pdf
Benkler, Y., Roberts, H., Faris, R., Solow-Niederman, A. & Etling, B. (2013). Social Mobilization and the Networked Public Sphere: Mapping the SOPA-PIPA Debate. Research Publication No. 2013-16. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved August 02, 2013 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2295953
Birdsall, N. (2004). Underfunded Regionalism in the Developing World. Working Paper Number 49. Washington DC: Center for Global Development. Retrieved July 24, 2007 from http://www.cgdev.org/files/2739_file_WP_49_1.pdf
Black, L.W. (2011). The Promise and Problems of Online Deliberation. Kettering Foundation Working Paper (2011-2). Dayton: Kettering Foundation. Retrieved September 02, 2012 from http://kettering.org/wp-content/uploads/Black-Online-Delib-KFWP-2011-2.pdf
Budhiraja, R. & Sachdeva, S. (2002). E-Readiness Assessment. Punjab: Ministry of Information Technology. Retrieved April 22, 2006 from http://www.mit.gov.in/eg/ereadiness.doc
Chinn, M.D. & Fairlie, R.W. (2006). ICT Use in the Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration. NET Institute Working Paper No. 06-03. New York: NET Institute. Retrieved February 12, 2007 from http://ssrn.com/abstract=936474
Clement, A. & Shade, L.R. (1998). The Access Rainbow: Conceptualizing Universal Access to the Information/Communicatioins Infrastructure. Information Policy Research Program, Faculty of Information Studies, University of Toronto. Working Paper No. 10. Toronto: IPRP University of Toronto. Retrieved January 22, 2007 from http://www3.fis.utoronto.ca/research/iprp/publications/wp/wp10.html
Creative Commons (2005). Licenses Explained. San Francisco: Creative Commons. Retrieved March 12, 2005 from http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/
DiMaggio, P. & Hargittai, E. (2001). From the ’Digital Divide’ to Digital Inequality: Studying Internet Use as Penetration Increases. Working Paper #15. Princeton: Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies, Princeton University. Retrieved August 28, 2006 from http://www.princeton.edu/~artspol/workpap/WP15%20-%20DiMaggio%2BHargittai.pdf
Duncombe, R. (2012). Understanding Mobile Phone Impact on Livelihoods in Developing Countries: A New Research Framework. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.48/2012. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved March 20, 2012 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/research/publications/wp/di/di_wp48.htm
Dutton, W.H. (2011). Networking Distributed Public Expertise: Strategies for Citizen Sourcing Advice to Government. One of a Series of Occasional Papers in Science and Technology Policy. Washington DC: Science and Technology Policy Institute.
Easterly, W., Ritzan, J. & Woolcock, M. (2006). Social Cohesion, Institutions, and Growth. Working Paper Number 94. Washington DC: Center for Global Development. Retrieved August 22, 2011 from http://cdi.mecon.gov.ar/biblio/doc/cgdev/wp94.pdf
Etling, B., Kelly, J., Faris, R. & Palfrey, J.G. (2009). Mapping the Arabic Blogosphere: Politics, Culture, and Dissent. Research Publication No. 2009-06. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 17, 2009 from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Mapping_the_Arabic_Blogosphere.pdf
Etling, B., Roberts, H. & Faris, R. (2014). Blogs as an Alternative Public Sphere: The Role of Blogs, Mainstream Media, and TV in Russia’s Media Ecology. Research Publication No. 2014-8. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved April 30, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2427932
European Commission (2008). Early Challenges regarding the “Internet of Things”. Accompanying document to the Communication on future networks and the internet. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved October 06, 2008 from http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/eeurope/i2010/docs/future_internet/swp_internet_things.pdf
European Commission (2008). Indexing Broadband Performance. Accompanying document to the Communication on future networks and the internet. Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved October 06, 2008 from http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/eeurope/i2010/docs/future_internet/swp_bpi.pdf
Faris, R. & Heacock, R. (2013). Measuring Internet Activity: a (Selective) Review of Methods and Metrics. Research Publication No. 2013-22. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved November 15, 2013 from http://ssrn.com/abstract=2353457
Gómez Hernández, J.A., Calderón Rehecho, A. & Magán Wals, J.A. (Coords.) (2008). Brecha digital y nuevas alfabetizaciones. El papel de las bibliotecas. Documentos de trabajo, 2008-1. Madrid: Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
Generalitat de Catalunya (2005). Llibre verd de l'Administració de justícia. Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya.
Gillwald, A., Milek, A. & Stork, C. (2010). Gender Assessment of ICT Access and Usage in Africa. Vol 1 Policy Paper 5. Johannesburg: Research ICT Africa. Retrieved February 18, 2011 from http://lirneasia.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/09//Gender_Paper_Sept_2010.pdf
Greenstein, S. (2010). Nurturing the Accumulation of Innovations: Lessons from the Internet. NBER Working Paper No. 15905. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Greenstein, S. & McDevitt, R. (2012). Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries. OECD Digital Economy Papers, No. 197. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved April 24, 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9bcwkg3hwf-en
Gur, B. & Wiley, D.A. (2005). “Code as Ideology”. In Iterating Toward Openness, Friday, March 4th, 2005. Retrieved May 16, 2007 from http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/18
Heeks, R. (1999). Information and Communication Technologies, Poverty and Development. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.5/1999. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp05.htm
Heeks, R. (1999). Software Strategies in Developing Countries. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.6/1999. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp06.htm
Heeks, R. (2001). What Did Giddens And Latour Ever Do For Us?: Academic Writings on Information Systems and Development. Development Informatics Short Paper Series, No.6/2001. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/short/di_sp06.doc
Heeks, R. (2002). Failure, Success and Improvisation of Information Systems Projects in Developing Countries. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.11/2002. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved January 04, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp11.htm
Heeks, R. & Kenny, C.J. (2002). The Economics of ICTs and Global Inequality: Convergence or Divergence for Developing Countries?. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.10a/2002. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 08, 2008 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/research/publications/wp/di/di_wp10a.htm
Heeks, R. (2006). Analysing the Software Sector in Developing Countries Using Competitive Advantage Theory. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.25/2006. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp25.htm
Heeks, R. & Seo-Zindy, R. (2013). ICTs and Social Movements under Authoritarian Regimes: An Actor-Network Perspective. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.51/2013. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 15, 2013 from http://www.sed.man.ac.uk/idpm/research/publications/wp/di/di_wp51.htm
Heeks, R. (2014). ICT4D 2016: New Priorities for ICT4D Policy, Practice and WSIS in a Post-2015 World. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.59/2014. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://www.seed.manchester.ac.uk/subjects/idpm/research/publications/wp/di/di-wp59/
ICIP Working Papers . Barcelona: Institut Català Internacional per la Pau.
IN3 Working Paper Series . Barcelona: UOC-IN3.
International Institute for Educational Planning (2004). Free and Open Source Software for e-learning. Background Note for the Discussion forum 1-25 June 2004. Paris: UNESCO-IIEP.
Kelly, J., Fisher, D. & Smith, M. (2005). Debate, Division, and Diversity: Political Discourse Networks in USENET Newsgroups. Paper prepared for the Online Deliberation Conference 2005. Palo Alto: Stanford University. Retrieved July 10, 2007 from http://www.coi.columbia.edu/pdf/kelly_fisher_smith_ddd.pdf
Kelly, J. & Etling, B. (2008). Mapping Iran’s Online Public: Politics and Culture in the Persian Blogosphere. Research Publication No. 2008-01. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 05, 2008 from http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/sites/cyber.law.harvard.edu/files/Kelly&Etling_Mapping_Irans_Online_Public_2008.pdf
Kenny, C.J. & Sumner, A. (2011). More Money or More Development: What Have the MDGs Achieved?. Working Paper Number 278. Washington DC: Center for Global Development. Retrieved December 19, 2011 from http://www.cgdev.org/files/1425806_file_Kenny_Sumner_MDGs_FINAL.pdf
Kretschmer, T. (2012). Information and Communication Technologies and Productivity Growth: A Survey of the Literature. OECD Digital Economy Papers No. 195. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved April 17, 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9bh3jllgs7-en
Lakhani, K.R., Jeppesen, L.B., Lohse, P.A. & Panetta, J.A. (2007). The Value of Openness in Scientific Problem Solving. HBS Working Paper Number: 07-050. Cambridge: Harvard University. Retrieved July 10, 2007 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5612.html
Larsson, L. (2000). Digital Literacy Checklist. Draft version 2.0.2. Washington: University of Washington. Retrieved March 17, 2006 from http://courses.washington.edu/hs590a/modules/69/diglit/diglit#1
Lehr, W. (2012). Measuring the Internet. The Data Challenge. OECD Digital Economy Papers, No. 194. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9bhk5fzvzx-en
Lerner, J. & Tirole, J. (2000). The Simple Economics of Open Source. NBER Working Paper No. 7600. Stanford: NBER. Retrieved July 10, 2007 from http://www.people.hbs.edu/jlerner/simple.pdf
Lorenzo, G. & Ittelson, J. (2005). An Overview of E-Portfolios. ELI Paper 1: 2005. Boulder: Educause Learning Initiative. Retrieved July 26, 2005 from http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI3001.pdf
Meister, I. & Solow-Niederman, A. (2014). K-12 Edtech Cloud Service Inventory. Research Publication No. 2014-2. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2378570
Molla, A. (2004). The Impact of eReadiness on eCommerce Success in Developing Countries: Firm-Level Evidence. Development Informatics Working Paper Series, No.18/2004. Manchester: Institute for Development Policy and Management. Retrieved May 24, 2006 from http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/publications/wp/di/di_wp18.htm
Navajo Gómez, P. (2012). Hacia una ONG 2.0: Cambiar o morir. Materiales para el Posgrado redes sociales e intercambio de conocimiento. Madrid: Iniciativasocial.net.
Noman, H., Faris, R. & Kelly, J. (2014). Openness and Restraint: Structure, Discourse, and Contention in Saudi Twitter. Research Publication No. 2015-16 December 8, 2015. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved December 14, 2015 from https://cyber.law.harvard.edu/publications/2015/saudi_twitter
Norris, P. (2000). The Worldwide Digital Divide: Information Poverty, the Internet and Development. Paper for the Annual Meeting of the Political Studies Association of the UK, London School of Economics and Political Science. Cambridge: Harvard University. Retrieved April 20, 2006 from http://ksghome.harvard.edu/~.pnorris.shorenstein.ksg/acrobat/psa2000dig.pdf
Notas de Análisis y Prospectiva . Madrid: Fundación Auna.
Oberholzer-Gee, F. & Strumpf, K. (2010). File-Sharing and Copyright. First Vienna Music Business Research Days, June 9-10, 2010. Vienna: International Association of Music Business Research. Retrieved June 22, 2010 from http://musicbusinessresearch.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/paper-felix-oberholzer-gee.pdf
Olivier, B. & Liber, O. (2001). Lifelong Learning: The Need for Portable Personal Learning Environments and Supporting Interoperability Standards. Bristol: The JISC Centre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards, Bolton Institute. Retrieved February 19, 2010 from http://wiki.cetis.ac.uk/images/6/67/Olivierandliber2001.doc
Orriols, L. & Bosch, A. (2013). Elecciones en tiempos de crisis. El voto económico en las elecciones catalanas de 2012. Quaderns de l'ICPS, 03, Abril 2013.. Barcelona: Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials.
Ortiz, I., Burke, S., Berrada, M. & Cortés, H. (2013). World Protests 2006-2013. Working Paper 2013. New York: Initiative for Policy Dialogue and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung New York - Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Retrieved May 01, 2014 from http://policydialogue.org/publications/working_papers/world_protests_2006-2013/
Padró-Solanet, A. (2010). Internet and Votes: The Impact of New ICTs in the 2008 Spanish Parliamentary Elections. Communication presented at the Internet, Politics, Policy 2010: An Impact Assessment conference, 16-17 September 2010. Oxford: Oxford Internet Institute.
Papeles de trabajo . Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.
Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (2009). Revisions and Additions to the Core List of ICT Indicators. Background paper for the 7th World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Meeting, Cairo, Egypt, 3-5 March 2009. New York: United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved March 02, 2009 from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/statcom/doc09/BG-ICTIndicators.pdf
Paton, S. (2005). In Search of the Knowledge Worker. Labour Process Conference 2005. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde. Retrieved April 29, 2008 from http://www.hrm.strath.ac.uk/ILPC/2005/conf-papers/Paton.pdf
Plunkett, L., Solow-Niederman, A. & Gasser, U. (2014). Framing the Law & Policy Picture: A Snapshot of K-12 Cloud-Based Ed Tech & Student Privacy in Early 2014. Research Publication No. 2014-10. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2442432
Plunkett, L. & Gasser, U. (2016). Student Privacy and Ed Tech (K-12) Research Briefing. Networked Policy Series, Berkman Center Research Publication No. 2016-15. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved October 05, 2016 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2842800
Sciadas, G., Lyons, H., Rothschild, C. & Sey, A. (2012). Public access to ICTs: Sculpting the profile of users. Seattle: Technology & Social Change Group, University of Washington Information School. Retrieved January 14, 2012 from http://tascha.uw.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Global-Impact-Study-User-Profiles-Survey-Working-Paper-1.pdf
Sepúlveda T., M.A. (2006). Gobierno Electrónico en Chile 2000-2005. Santiago de Chile: Ministerio Secretaría General de la Presidencia.
Sibisi, S. (Coord.) (2004). Free/Libre & Open Source Software and Open Standards in South Africa. Version 2.6.9, July 2004. Pretoria: National Advisory Council on Innovation. Retrieved July 11, 2005 from http://www.prodefinity.de/docs/floss_v2_6_9.pdf
Solow-Niederman, A., Plunkett, L. & Gasser, U. (2014). Student Privacy and Cloud Computing at the District Level: Next Steps and Key Issues. Research Publication No. 2014-1. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Retrieved June 20, 2014 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2378568
UNCTAD (2006). Using ICTs to Achieve Growth and Development. Background paper by the UNCTAD secretariat. Geneva: UNCTAD. Retrieved February 28, 2007 from http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/c3em29d2_en.pdf
Unwin, T. (2008). On the richness of Africa. Egham: ICT4D Collective. Retrieved November 08, 2010 from http://www.gg.rhul.ac.uk/ict4d/workingpapers/richness.pdf
Van Ark, B. & Inklaar, R. (2005). Catching up or getting stuck? Europe’s troubles to exploit ICTs productivity potential. Research Memorandum GD-79. Groningen: Groningen Growth and Development Centre. Retrieved April 20, 2010 from http://www.e-library.lt/resursai/ES/memorandumai/gd79.pdf
Van de Walle, S. (2005). Measuring Bureaucratic Quality in Governance Indicators. Paper for the EGPA Annual Conference, Study Group on Productivity and Quality in the Public Sector. Leuven: Instituut voor de Overheid. Retrieved August 26, 2008 from http://perswww.kuleuven.be/~u0025631/pdf/EGPA_Bern2005_VdW.pdf
Vigdor, J.L. & Ladd, H. (2010). Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 16078. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Vilaregut Sáez, R., Serra Frediani, M.G. & Peña-López, I. (2015). Les ONG davant la crisi. Crisis econòmica o crisis de model? (2009-2013). Diagnosi i prognosi de les entitats federades a Lafede.cat. Barcelona: Lafede.cat.
Vu, K. (2005). Measuring the Impact of ICT Investments on Economic Growth. Paper submitted to Journal of Economic Growth, October 2005. mimeo.
Wang, Z., Wei, S. & Wong, A. (2010). Does a Leapfrogging Growth Strategy Raise Growth Rate? Some International Evidence. NBER Working Paper No. 16390. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Weiser, P.J.W. (2009). The Future of Internet Regulation. Boulder: University of Colorado Law School. Retrieved March 01, 2009 from http://ssrn.com/abstract=1344757
Zittrain, J. (2006). “The Generative Internet”. In Harvard Law Review, May 2006, 119 (7), 1974-2040. Cambridge: Harvard University. Retrieved July 16, 2007 from http://www.harvardlawreview.org/issues/119/may06/zittrain.shtml