Category: Digital Divide

 

Works

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247 references:

Acevedo, M. (Coord.) (2007). Brecha Digital, Inmigración e Integración Socio-laboral en España. Informe EQUAL Empresa Mestiza - Madrid entre dos orillas. Madrid: Aula de Socidaridad. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.aulasolidaridad.org/documentos/rsc/Guia_Empresa_Mestiza.pdf
Amorós Espinosa, J.E. (2003). “La división digital y su relación con el desarrollo: un estudio empírico en una muestra de países”. In Boletín IIG, 10 de junio de 2003, (150). Barcelona: Instituto Internacional de Gobernabilidad. Retrieved May 31, 2006 from http://www.iigc.org/documentos/?p=6_0092
Barzilai-Nahon, K., Rafaeli, S. & Ahituv, N. (2004). Measuring Gaps in Cyberspace: Constructing a comprehensive digital divide index. Workshop on Measuring the Information Society, the conference of Internet Research 5, Brighton, UK, September 2004. Brighton.
Berkman Center for Internet and Society (2003). BOLD 2003: Development and the Internet. Cambridge: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.
Bridges.org (2002). Real Access / Real Impact Criteria. Cape Town: Bridges.org. Retrieved January 22, 2007 from http://www.bridges.org/Real_Access
Campbell, D. (2001). “Can the digital divide be contained?”. In International Labour Review, The Digital Divide: Employment and Development Implications, 140 (2), 119-141. Geneva: International Labour Organization.
Chinn, M.D. & Fairlie, R.W. (2006). ICT Use in the Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration. NET Institute Working Paper No. 06-03. New York: NET Institute. Retrieved February 12, 2007 from http://ssrn.com/abstract=936474
Clement, A. & Shade, L.R. (1998). The Access Rainbow: Conceptualizing Universal Access to the Information/Communicatioins Infrastructure. Information Policy Research Program, Faculty of Information Studies, University of Toronto. Working Paper No. 10. Toronto: IPRP University of Toronto. Retrieved January 22, 2007 from http://www3.fis.utoronto.ca/research/iprp/publications/wp/wp10.html
Compaine, B.M. (2001). “Declare the War Won”. In Compaine, B.M. (Ed.), The Digital Divide. Facing a Crisis or Creating a Myth?, chapter 14, 315-335. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Compaine, B.M. (1986). “Information Gaps: Myth or Reality?”. In Telecommunications Policy, 10 (1), 5-12. London: Elsevier.
Daniel, J. & West, P. (2006). “From Digital Divide to Digital Dividend: What Will It Take?”. In Innovate, 2 (5). North Miami Beach: Nova Southeastern University. Retrieved May 31, 2006 from http://www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=252
Digital Divide Network . St. Newton: Center for Media & Community at EDC. http://www.digitaldivide.net
DiMaggio, P. & Hargittai, E. (2001). From the ’Digital Divide’ to Digital Inequality: Studying Internet Use as Penetration Increases. Working Paper #15. Princeton: Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies, Princeton University. Retrieved August 28, 2006 from http://www.princeton.edu/~artspol/workpap/WP15%20-%20DiMaggio%2BHargittai.pdf
enter (2007). Inhibidores de uso de las TIC en la sociedad española. Madrid: Instituto de Empresa. Retrieved May 20, 2009 from http://www.enter.es/enter/mybox/cms//1379
Fox, S. (2005). Digital Divisions. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved January 07, 2008 from http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_Digital_Divisions_Oct_5_2005.pdf
Gómez Hernández, J.A., Calderón Rehecho, A. & Magán Wals, J.A. (Coords.) (2008). Brecha digital y nuevas alfabetizaciones. El papel de las bibliotecas. Documentos de trabajo, 2008-1. Madrid: Biblioteca de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
Gómez, R. (2009). Measuring Global Public Access to ICT. CIS Working Paper No. 7. Seattle: University of Washington. Retrieved July 10, 2009 from http://www.cis.washington.edu/depository/landscape/documents/CIS-WorkingPaperNo7.pdf
Gunkel, D.J. (2003). “Second thoughts: toward a critique of the digital divide”. In New Media & Society, 5 (4), 499-522. London: SAGE Publications.
Hargittai, E. (2003). “The Digital Divide and What To Do About It”. In Jones, D.C. (Ed.), New Economy Handbook, Chapter 35. San Diego: Academic Press.
Hargittai, E. (2007). “Whose Space? Differences Among Users and Non-Users of Social Network Sites”. In Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13 (1), 276-297. Washington, DC: International Communication Association. Retrieved July 28, 2009 from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/hargittai.html
Haythornthwaite, C. (2007). Social Facilitators and Inhibitors to Online Fluency. Proceedings of the 40th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - 2007. Manoa: University of Hawaii. Retrieved January 31, 2007 from http://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/hicss/2007/2755/00/27550067a.pdf
Hewitt de Alcántara, C. (2001). The Development Divide in a Digital Age. An Issues Paper. Technology, Business and Society Programme Paper Number 4. August 2001. Geneva: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. Retrieved May 30, 2008 from http://www.unrisd.org/UNRISD/website/document.nsf/ab82a6805797760f80256b4f005da1ab/19b0b342a4f1cf5b80256b5e0036d99f/$FILE/hewitt.pdf
Horrigan, J.B. (2010). Broadband Adoption and Use in AmeAmerica. OBI Working paper series no.1. Washington, DC: Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved March 03, 2010 from http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-296442A1.pdf
Huang, J. & Russell, S. (2006). “The digital divide and academic achievement”. In The Electronic Library, 24 (2), 160-173. [online]: Emerald.
Hudson, H. (1994). “Universal service in the Information Age”. In Telecommunications Policy, 18 (8), 658-667. London: Elsevier.
Jones, D.C. (Ed.) (2003). New Economy Handbook. San Diego: Academic Press.
Jung, J., Qiu, J.L. & Kim, Y. (2001). “Internet Connectedness and Inequality”. In Communication Research, 28 (4), 507-535. London: SAGE Publications.
Kennard, W.E. (1999). “Equality in the Information Age”. In Federal Communications Law Journal, 51 (3), 553-556. Bloomington: Indiana University School of Law. Retrieved March 12, 2007 from http://www.law.indiana.edu/fclj/pubs/v51/no3/KenMac1.PDF
Korupp, S.E. & Szydlik, M. (2005). “Causes and Trends of the Digital Divide”. In European Sociological Review, 21 (4), 409-422. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Liyanage, H. (2009). Sustainability First. In search of telecentre sustainability. Kotte: Sarvodaya Fusion, telecentre.org.
Luyt, B. (2004). “Who benefits from the digital divide?”. In First Monday, August 2004, 9 (8). [online]: First Monday. Retrieved March 07, 2008 from http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue9_8/luyt/index.html
Mansell, R. (2002). “From Digital Divides to Digital Entitlements in Knowledge Societies”. In Current Sociology, 50 (3), 407-426. London: SAGE Publications.
Menou, M.J. (2002). Information Literacy in National Information and Communications Technology (ICT) policies: The Missed Dimension, Information Culture. July 2002, White Paper prepared for UNESCO, the U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, and the National Forum on Information Literacy, for use at the Information Literacy Meeting of Experts, Prague, The Czech Republic. Washington, DC: National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. Retrieved October 05, 2008 from http://www.nclis.gov/libinter/infolitconf&meet/papers/menou-fullpaper.pdf
Milner, H.V. (2006). “The Digital Divide: The Role of Political Institutions in Technology Diffusion”. In Comparative Political Studies, Volume 39, (No 2, March 200), pp 176-199. Thousand Oaks: SAGE.
Murelli, E. (2002). Breaking the Digital Divide. Implications for Developing Countries. London: Commonwealth Secretariat and SFI Publishing.
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (1999). Falling Through The Net: Defining The Digital Divide. Washington, DC: National Telecommunications and Information Administration. Retrieved January 26, 2007 from http://spamcon.org/library/NTIA/FTTN.pdf
Neckerman, K. (Ed.) (2004). Social Inequality. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Nielsen, J. (2006). Digital Divide: The Three Stages. Alertbox, November 20, 2006. [online]: useit.com. Retrieved February 06, 2007 from http://www.useit.com/alertbox/digital-divide.html
Norris, P. (2000). The Worldwide Digital Divide: Information Poverty, the Internet and Development. Paper for the Annual Meeting of the Political Studies Association of the UK, London School of Economics and Political Science. Cambridge: Harvard University. Retrieved April 20, 2006 from http://ksghome.harvard.edu/~.pnorris.shorenstein.ksg/acrobat/psa2000dig.pdf
OECD (2001). Understanding The Digital Divide. Paris: OECD. Retrieved August 09, 2006 from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/38/57/1888451.pdf
Ozaltinordu, G. (2006). “From Digital Divide to Use-Divide”. In Digital Divide Network, January 24th, 2006. St. Newton: Center for Media & Community at EDC. Retrieved March 16, 2006 from http://www.digitaldivide.net/articles/view.php?ArticleID=548
Peña-López, I. (2009). Acceso al conocimiento y la brecha digital. Conferencia impartida en el Encuentro Andaluz de Voluntariado Digital, 28 March 2009. Jaén: ICTlogy. Retrieved March 28, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20090328_ismael_pena-lopez_-_acceso_conocimiento_y_brecha_digital.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2007). ¿Qué dicen que es la Web Social?. Seminar imparted in El Prat de Llobregat, November 23th, 2007 at the IV Encuentro de e-Inclusión: e-inclusión para la construcción de la ciudadanía, Fundación Esplai. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved November 25, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20071123_ismael_pena_web_social_en.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2007). “Ben Compaine revisited: the digital divide is not (just) about infrastructures”. In ICTlogy, March 2007, (42). Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved March 26, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/?p=528
Peña-López, I. (2011). Citizens in a Knowledge Society: rethinking education from scratch. Quality standards in ICT education workshop, April 12, 2011. Belgrade: International Aid Network.
Peña-López, I. (2007). Conferences 2.0: Scientists and Web 2.0. Seminar imparted in Trieste, December 3th, 2007 at the Rich-Media Webcasting Technologies for Science Dissemination Workshop, Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Trieste: ICTlogy. Retrieved December 03, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20071203_ismael_pena_conferences_2.0.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2005). “Digital divide: what can cooperation for development do”. In ICTlogy, May 2005, (20). Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved June 11, 2006 from http://www.ictlogy.net/review/?p=276
Peña-López, I. (2012). eInclusion Intermediaries in Europe: horizon 2020. Experts’ Validation Workshop on the topic of Measuring the impact of eInclusion actors on Digital Literacy. IPTS-JRC, Seville, 3-4 May 2012. Sevilla: IPTS. Retrieved May 03, 2012 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20120503_ismael_pena-lopez_-_einclusion_intermediaries_europe_horizon_2020.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2012). El Gobierno Abierto y la Brecha Digital. Seminario para el curso Claves prácticas para diseñar una estrategia de Gobierno Abierto y Comunicación en Internet Universidad el País Vasco. San Sebastián, 12 de julio de 2012. San Sebastián: UPV-EHU. Retrieved July 12, 2012 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20120712_ismael_pena-lopez_-_gobierno_abierto_brecha_digital.zip
Peña-López, I. (Coord.) (2010). “Framing the Digital Divide in Higher Education”. In Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento (RUSC), Monograph: Framing the Digital Divide in Higher Education, 7 (1). Monograph. Barcelona: UOC. Retrieved January 18, 2010 from http://rusc.uoc.edu/ojs/index.php/rusc/article/view/v7n1_pena-intro/v7n1_pena-intro
Peña-López, I. (2006). From e-Readiness to e-Awareness (or the way back). Presentation given in Trento, May 25th, 2006 in the homonimous seminar organized by the ICT International Doctorate School of the Università degli Studi Trento. Trento: Università degli Studi Trento. http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20060525b_ismael_pena_e-readiness_e-awareness.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2008). From e-Readiness to e-Awareness. Design of and evidence from a comprehensive model of the Digital Economy. Communication given in Joensuu, September 9th, 2008 at the Third Annual ICT4D Postgraduate Symposium. Joensuu: ICTlogy. Retrieved September 09, 2008 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20080909_ismael_pena-lopez_from_e-readiness_to_e-awareness.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2010). Goverati: ¿Una alternativa a la democracia representativa?. Conferencia impartida en las Jornadas sobre redes y cultura compartida: De la cultura distribuida a la transformación del conocimiento (Blogs & Clubs II). Barcelona, 25 de Febrero de 2010. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved February 25, 2010 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20100225_ismael_pena-lopez_-_goverati_alternativa_democracia_representativa.zip
Peña-López, I. (2009). “Hacia un modelo integral de la Economía Digital”. In Actas de Comunicaciones del IV Congreso Cibersociedad 2009: Crisis Analógica, Futuro Digital. Comunicación presentada en el IV Congreso Cibersociedad 2009: Crisis Analógica, Futuro Digital, 12-29 de Noviembre de 2009. Cornellà de Llobregat: Observatorio de la Cibersociedad. Retrieved November 12, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/articles/20091112_ismael_pena-lopez_-_hacia_un_modelo_integral_de_la_economia_digital.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2009). “Hacia un modelo integral de la Economía Digital”. In Libro de Comunicaciones de la II Conferencia Internacional Brecha Digital e Inclusión Social. Comunicación presentada en la II Conferencia Internacional Brecha Digital e Inclusión Social, 28-30 de Octubre de 2009. Leganés: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Retrieved October 29, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/articles/20091029_ismael_pena-lopez_-_hacia_un_modelo_integral_de_la_economia_digital.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2007). ICTs for development: from e-Readiness to e-Awareness. Seminar imparted in Barcelona, November 20th, 2007 at the Executive Master in e-Governance, école Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved November 20, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20071120_ismael_pena_ict4d_from_e-readiness_to_e-awareness.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2008). ICTs, development and government: from e-Readiness to e-Awareness. Seminar imparted in Barcelona, October 20th, 2008 at the Executive Master in e-Governance, école Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved October 20, 2008 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20081020_ismael_pena-lopez_-_ict_development_government.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2007). “Jakob Nielsen’s Digital Divide: The Three Stages”. In ICTlogy, February 2007, (41). Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved March 01, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/review/?p=504
Peña-López, I. (2009). La Brecha digital y el uso de las TIC para la Educación. Conferencia impartida en la Asesoría para la puesta en marcha de la Escuela Virtual de Participación Local del Instituto Distrital de Participación y Acción Comunal de la Secretaría de Gobierno de la Alcaldía de Bogotá. Bogotá: ICTlogy. Retrieved March 11, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20090311_ismael_pena-lopez_brecha_digital_uso_tic_educacion.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2009). Measuring digital development for policy-making: Models, stages, characteristics and causes. The role of the government. Seminar in the framework of the Internet, Law and Political science research seminar series. Barcelona, 14th May 2009. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved May 18, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20090514_ismael_pena-lopez_-_measuring_digital_development_role_of_government.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2009). Measuring digital development for policy-making: Models, stages, characteristics and causes. The role of the government. Seminar at the Direcció General de la Societat de la Informació, Generalitat de Catalunya. Barcelona, 2nd June 2009. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved June 02, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20090602_ismael_pena-lopez_-_measuring_digital_development_role_of_government.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2010). Medios y Sociedad de la Información. De la economía de papel a la economía digital. Seminario en la Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, 4 de Marzo de 2010. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved March 04, 2010 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20100304_ismael_pena-lopez_-_medios_sociedad_informacion_economia_papel_digital.zip
Peña-López, I. (2009). “Midiendo el Desarrollo Digital para las Políticas Públicas: el Papel del Gobierno”. In Actas de Comunicaciones del IV Congreso Cibersociedad 2009: Crisis Analógica, Futuro Digital. Comunicación presentada en el IV Congreso Cibersociedad 2009: Crisis Analógica, Futuro Digital, 12-29 de Noviembre de 2009. Cornellà de Llobregat: Observatorio de la Cibersociedad. Retrieved November 12, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/articles/20091112_ismael_pena-lopez_-_midiendo_desarrollo_digital_para_politicas_publicas.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2009). “Midiendo el Desarrollo Digital para las Políticas Públicas: el Papel del Gobierno”. In Libro de Comunicaciones de la II Conferencia Internacional Brecha Digital e Inclusión Social. Comunicación presentada en la II Conferencia Internacional Brecha Digital e Inclusión Social, 28-30 de Octubre de 2009. Leganés: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Retrieved October 29, 2009 from http://ictlogy.net/articles/20091029_ismael_pena-lopez_-_midiendo_desarrollo_digital_para_politicas_publicas.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2005). “Negroponte and the Web 2.0 or the Four Classes of the Digital Divide”. In ICTlogy, November 2005, (26). Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved June 11, 2006 from http://ictlogy.net/review/?p=316
Peña-López, I. (2006). “Networked Readiness Index vs. Human Development Index”. In ICTlogy, March 2006, (30). Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved June 11, 2006 from http://ictlogy.net/review/?p=378
Peña-López, I. (2007). Pelando las capas de la brecha digital: umbrales y relaciones entre categorías en índices compuestos. Presentation given in Bellaterra, March 17th, 2007 at the UOC Doctoral Workshop organized by the Forum Investiga SIC. Bellaterra: UOC. Retrieved March 19, 2007 from http://www.ictlogy.net/presentations/20070317_ismael_pena_capas_brecha_digital.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2010). Políticas de fomento de la Sociedad de la Información para la reducción de la brecha digital. Keynote at the I Jornadas Internacionales sobre Investigación en TIC para el Desarrollo Humano, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Fuenlabrada, 13 de Mayo de 2010. Fuenlabrada: ICTlogy. Retrieved May 12, 2010 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20100513_ismael_pena-lopez_-_politicas_fomento_sociedad_informacion_reduccion_brecha_digital.pdf
Peña-López, I. & Guillén Solà, M. (2008). Telecentro 2.0 y Dinamización Comunitaria. Conference imparted in El Prat de Llobregat, November 5th, 2008 at the V Encuentro de e-Inclusión, Fundación Esplai. El Prat de Llobregat: ICTlogy. Retrieved November 06, 2008 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20081105_ismael_pena-lopez_merce_guillen-sola_-_telecentro_2.0.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2008). “Thank you OLPC, indeed — a comment to Teemu Leinonen”. In ICTlogy, January 2008, (52). Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved January 16, 2008 from http://ictlogy.net/?p=678
Peña-López, I. (2006). The Digital Divides or the third industrial revolution: concepts and figures. Presentation given in Trento, May 25th, 2006 in the homonimous seminar organized by the ICT International Doctorate School of the Università degli Studi Trento. Trento: Università degli Studi Trento. Retrieved May 25, 2006 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20060525a_ismael_pena_digital_divides.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2006). The e-readiness layers: thresholds and relationships. Communication given in Egham, September 15th, 2006 at the ICT4D Symposium organized by the Royal Holloway University of London. Egham: Royal Holloway University of London. Retrieved September 15, 2006 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20060914_ismael_pena_e-readiness_layers.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2007). The Personal Research Portal. Seminar imparted in Trieste, December 5th, 2007 at the Rich-Media Webcasting Technologies for Science Dissemination Workshop, Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Trieste: ICTlogy. Retrieved December 05, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20071205_ismael_pena_the_personal_research_portal.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2007). Unpeeling the layers of the digital divide: category thresholds and relationships within composite indices. Communication given in Cambridge, July 24th, 2007 at the Oxford Internet Institute Summer Doctoral Programme at the Berkman Center for Internet & Scociety. Cambridge: ICTlogy. Retrieved July 24, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20070724_ismael_pena-lopez_unpeeling_layers_digital_divide.pdf
Peña-López, I. (2007). Unpeeling the layers of the digital divide: category thresholds and relationships within composite indices. Communication given in Karlstad, August 31st, 2007 at the Second Annual ICT4D Postgraduate Symposium. Karlstad: ICTlogy. Retrieved October 09, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20070831_ismael_pena-lopez_unpeeling_layers_digital_divide.mm
Peña-López, I. (2007). Web 2.0 and the Digital Divide. Seminar imparted in Trieste, December 4th, 2007 at the Rich-Media Webcasting Technologies for Science Dissemination Workshop, Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Trieste: ICTlogy. Retrieved December 04, 2007 from http://ictlogy.net/presentations/20071204_ismael_pena_web_2.0_and_the_digital_divide.pdf
Pettersson, J.S. (Ed.) (2003). HumanIT 2003. Karlstad University Studies 2003:26. Karlstad: Karlstad University.
Robinson, J.P., DiMaggio, P. & Hargittai, E. (2003). “New Social Survey Perspectives on the Digital Divide”. In IT&Society, Summer 2003, 1 (5), 1-22. Stanford: Stanford University.
Schradie, J. (2011). “The digital production gap: The digital divide and Web 2.0 collide”. In Poetics, 34 (4-5). Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V..
Selwyn, N. & Facer, K. (2007). Beyond the digital divide. Opening Education Reports. Bristol: Futurelab. Retrieved October 24, 2007 from http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/documents/opening_education/Digital_Divide.pdf
Sundén, S. & Wicander, G. (2003). “Bridging the Digital Divide - ICT Solutions Supporting Economic and Social Development for the Unseen Majority”. In Pettersson, J.S. (Ed.), HumanIT 2003, Chapter 1, 18-34. Karlstad University Studies 2003:26. Karlstad: Karlstad University.
Tibben, W. (2007). Re-conceptualizing the digital divide: a knowledge-based approach. Proceedings of the 40th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - 2007. Manoa: University of Hawaii. Retrieved January 31, 2007 from http://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/hicss/2007/2755/00/27550067b.pdf
UNCTAD (2003). ICT Development Indices 2003. New York and Geneva: UNCTAD. Retrieved May 22, 2006 from http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/iteipc20031_en.pdf
van Deursen, A. & van Dijk, J. (2013). “The digital divide shifts to differences in usage”. In New Media & Society, 16 (3), 507-526. London: SAGE Publications.
van Dijk, J. (2006). “Digital divide research, achievements and shortcomings”. In Poetics, 34 (4-5), 221-235. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V..
van Dijk, J. & Hacker, K. (2000). The Digital Divide as a complex and dynamic phenomenon. Paper presented at the 50th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association, Acapulco, 1-5 June 2000. Acapulco: International Communication Association.
Vigdor, J.L. & Ladd, H. (2010). Scaling the Digital Divide: Home Computer Technology and Student Achievement. NBER Working Paper No. 16078. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Zheng, Y. & Stahl, B.C. (2010). Capabilities, Critique and ICTD. Poster for the International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development - ICTD2010, 13-16 December 2010. Egham: UNESCO Chair in ICT4D, Royal Holloway University of London.
Zickuhr, K. & Smith, A. (2012). Digital differences. Washington, D.C.: Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Digital-differences.aspx
Zickuhr, K. (2013). Who’s Not Online and Why. Washington, D.C.: Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved September 29, 2013 from http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Non-internet-users.aspx

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